Monday, May 25, 2020

George Orwells 1984 - 1138 Words

George Orwell’s â€Å"1984† perfectly captures a potential dystopia that would occur to the human race if a totalitarian government was present. As a result of this, Orwell identifies the purpose of the novel: to warn people what could possibly happen if they were not careful. A totalitarian government is similar to a dictatorship and demands complete obedience. Orwell focused on what type of plot would be most beneficial, how the plot would impact the audience, and how the subplot builds on a conflict within the story. By using a progressive plot structure in the novel â€Å"1984†, Orwell creates an effective way of telling his story to the reader. In â€Å"1984† the plot is structured in a particular way to effectively tell the story to the reader. A progressive plot is when the events throughout the story are in order as they occur. This type of plot follows Freytag’s Pyramid; so it begins with the exposition, then the rising action, then the pea k of the story, or the climax, transpires, and lastly, the story comes to an end with a denouement. This plot structure is the one that George Orwell used in his book â€Å"1984†. A reader can ascertain that a book’s plot is progressive by seeing how the events happen throughout the novel. In â€Å"1984†, the novel starts out with the protagonist, Winston, and slowly the reader learns more about him, and his situation. â€Å"Winston kept his back turned to the telescreen. It was safer, though, as he well knew, even a back can be revealing† (6). This is oneShow MoreRelatedGeorge Orwells 19841168 Words   |  5 PagesGeorge Orwell author of 1984 recently made it on Amazon’s list of â€Å"100 books to read before you die† for his widely read novel with thought provoking subjects like: the dangers of totalitarianism, physical control, psychological manipulation, manipulation of information and history, and technology. Through the themes in 1984 , George Orwell demonstrates that a dystopian society created by totalitarian rule can infiltrate the minds of its citizens through various mediums. The famous novel falls intoRead MoreGeorge Orwells 19842185 Words   |  9 PagesLiterary Analysis The author of the novel 1984, George Orwell, is a political critic. Therefore, he used very precise descriptions of situations and words to provide the reader a clear understanding of the entity he is criticizing. When Winston describes the destruction of past records to create new ones to Julia, he says: â€Å"Every record has been destroyed or falsified, every book has been rewritten, every picture has been repainted, every statue and street and building has been renamed, every dateRead MoreThe Themes Of 1984 And George Orwells 19841237 Words   |  5 Pages In many ways, George Orwell used real problems in the world to write his novels. Orwell lived through many events that inspired some of the main topics in his book, 1984. In 1984, George Orwell illustrates what a totalitarian society would be like. At the time that he wrote this book, many citizens of England were afraid of their government having too much power over them. Orwell wrote 1984 to warn the public of what a pow erful government can lead to. Even currently, 1984 can be related to differentRead MoreGeorge Orwells 19842208 Words   |  9 PagesIn George Orwell’s 1984, the author utilizes Big Brother to showcase the immense power and influence the government has over its subordinates. The Party manipulates the people through inflicting fear, constant surveillance, and deprivation of knowledge, in order to oppress them from having incorrect ideas or behaviors that are not permitted in society. They are expected to live as respectful Party members, forcefully having to dedicate their lives to serving Big Brother. There are a plethora of charactersRead MoreThe 1984 Adaptation Of George Orwells 19842072 Words   |  9 PagesCensorship in 1984 In the 1984 adaptation of George Orwell’s classic, Nineteen Eighty-Four, the director, Michael Radford, plays on the ideas of censorship and control of all citizens. As one of the biggest themes that is presented in the film, the Inner Party makes it their mission to stop all citizens of â€Å"free thinking†. Citizens are not allowed to think poorly of the government, nor are they allowed to think impure thoughts. Those who try to condemn the government, and those that question theRead MoreGeorge Orwells 1984 Essay706 Words   |  3 PagesGeorge Orwells 1984 What look on humanity and human nature, if any, can be seen through this book, 1984? 1984 examines a future under the rule of a totalitarian society. One of the unique notes about Orwells 1984, is theRead MoreJustice in George Orwells 19841293 Words   |  6 PagesJustice in 1984 The concept of justice is an important subject in George Orwell’s 1984. Justice is defined according to Plato as â€Å"the interest of the stronger†. Justice plays a big role in 1984’s society. Justice is understood differently by the protagonists of the text than how it is represented by the societies in which they live. In the novel 1984 by Orwell, an extremely controlling totalitarian government called The Party, rules the society. They have introduced Telescreens which monitorRead MoreTotalitarianism In George Orwells 19841028 Words   |  5 PagesTotalitarianism Used in 1984 A dystopia is a society which is characterized by misery, oppression, and unhappiness. Likewise, a totalitarian government neither allow parties to have different opinions nor freedom with a centralized government, therefore totalitarianism and dystopian societies are similar. In 1984, written by George Orwell, Big Brother is a dictator who gives the Oceanian population no personal freedoms and strictly dominates all of the country for their own selfish ways. Unlike OceaniaRead MoreSymbolism In George Orwells 19841349 Words   |  6 Pages Symbolism in 1984 Literary concepts are often used in books to make the reading experience more enjoyable. In George Orwell’s 1984, Orwell uses a key literary element, symbolism, to do this. Orwell does this in a unique way. He makes the reader want to think one way, when the reality is far different. This causes the reader to be surprised when the truth of the matter is revealed. He is able to do this by having certain objects represent one thing, and then later reveal it is something far differentRead MoreSurveillance In George Orwells 19841219 Words   |  5 PagesSurveillance, or a close watch kept over someone or something for a specific purpose, features prominently in George Orwell’s dystopian novel 1984. The book follows Winston Smith, a middle-aged man who lives in the futuristic society of Oceania, where the government of the Party, under the leadership of Big Brother, maintains strict control of the people and prevents free thought through propaganda, censorship, and surveil lance. Winston tries to think freely while evading detection and succeeds for

Friday, May 15, 2020

Compare and Contrast the Rise and Fall of Mesopotamia and...

In this project I plan on exploring the contrasts and comparisons between the rise of Mesopotamia and Egypt. I chose this particular question because during my junior year I took and AP World History class in which we of course studied the worlds history. One on my favorite things that we studied in that class was ancient Empires. Mr. Herman, my AP teacher during that time, went through the Mesopotamian and Egyptian Empires rather too quickly for my tastes. I felt as though there were a lot of things that I missed and would have loved to study. So during my preparations for the AP exams I wrote a brief essay on comparing and contrasting the rise and fall of the Egyptian and Mesopotamian Empire. I enjoyed writing this essay and was quite interested in the topic. Despite the fact this didn’t make up much of the exam I later decided that this would be my capstone topic backup in case I dont like the one I came up with in the future. And like I predicted I did not like my previous topic and chose to continue this. The reason I thought to do this for my capstone after my other idea failed was because I found that people would get a lot more out of this. We go to an arts school and frankly unless something has to do with the history of our art forms people don’t really pay that much attention to history, unless they plan to become an anthropologist. I found that with this I can educate my classmates on the history of those who came before us and then apply it to current dayShow MoreRelatedThe Lost History Of Christianity By Philip Jenkins954 Words   |  4 PagesHistory of Christianity†, author Philip Jenkins attempts to convey the message that there are many aspects of Christianity that are unknown to Christian followers today. Jenkins start by implying that Christianity essentially starts in Northern Mesopotamia. Jenkins then traces the history of Christianity from Africa to the Arab world to the heart of Asia, in what he consider to be the â⠂¬Å"golden age† of Christianity. He informs the readers of the stories of churches and movements that thrived over aRead MoreThe Birth of Civilization18947 Words   |  76 PagesEast? EARLY INDIAN CIVILIZATION page 16 WHAT INFLUENCES did the first Indus valley civilization have on later Indian religious and social practices? EARLY CHINESE CIVILIZATION page 23 WHY DID large territorial states arise in ancient China? THE RISE OF CIVILIZATION IN THE AMERICAS page 27 HOW DID agriculture influence the development of civilizations in Mesoamerica? 1 he earliest humans lived by hunting, fishing, and collecting wild plants. Around 10,000 years ago, they learned to cultivateRead MoreSalahudin Ayubi / Muhammad Al-Fateh8251 Words   |  34 PagesINTRODUCTION SALAHUDIN AYUBI Salahudin Ayubi, better known in the Western world as Saladin, was a Kurdish Muslim, who became the first Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led Islamic opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, he ruled over Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, and Yemen. He led the Muslims against the Crusaders and eventually recaptured Palestine from the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem after his victory in the Battle of Hattin. AsRead MoreWorld History AP8768 Words   |  36 Pagespolitical organization and values? †¢ The Persians built an imperial political system that drew upon previous Mesopotamian polities, including the Babylonian and Assyrian empires. The Persian Empire was far larger than its predecessors, stretching from Egypt to India, and ruled over some 35 million subjects. †¢ The Persian system was centered on an elaborate cult of kingship in which the emperor was secluded in royal magnificence and was approachable only through an elaborate ritual. †¢ Persian emperorsRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 Pagesroutinization of Rastafari primarily because they have uncritically accepted the idea that the development of formal organizational structures (whether rational-legal or traditional) is the only indicator of the routinization of new movements. In contrast, this interpretive study unequivocally asserts the routinization of the movement. Of course the use of Webers theory of routinization is somewhat problematic, because Rastafari lacks the institutional structures that Weber posits as the evidence

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hitchcocks Manipulation of the Audiences Point of View...

Hitchcocks Manipulation of the Audiences Point of View in the Shower Scene in Psycho Hitchcock has a unique style when it comes to films and manipulation of the audience. He likes to give the audience several types of view that in turn give us an incite into the characters feelings and emotions. He likes to change the lighting, camera angle and mise-en-scene to manipulate he viewers point of view. He is a talented director with unique ability to twist the audiences opinions and play on emotions with the greatest of ease. In the shower scene in Psycho, The first shot he chooses to give us is of a voyeuristic one. He show us Norman Bates moving a picture aside so that he can peep into the room†¦show more content†¦The camera keeps a distance from Norman even when Norman reaches the house. As he moves to sit at the dining room table, the camera is positioned at the front door so there is the space of the corridor between the audience and Norman. This manipulates the audience making us feel sorry for him and also the fact his facial expression makes him seem very lonely and distant. In almost al of the scenes we see with Norman his face is in the shadows and this scene is no exception all the while we see normal he is surrounded by a dark gloom that makes him seem almost inhuman. We then cut back to Marion turning on the shower in the motel room. The next shot is of the showerhead with a jet of water spraying into the bath. Marion takes off her robe and gets into the shower. We only see Marion in the shower from the collarbone upwards ad it would be pushing TV too far if they were to show anymore. It leaves the audience with a feeling of curiosity. The slight glimpse of skin lets the audiences imagination put the rest of the picture together. The camera at this point is pointing downwards on Marion. This makes the audience feel more dominant towards the actress. It also connotes Marion to be vulnerable and submissive. When we see her start to washShow MoreRelatedImpact of Sound Upon a Films Thematic Premise2964 Words   |  12 PagesWhen exploring the significance of sound upon a films thematic concept, one must identify the fundamental components of the individual film score and its relationship to the development of the plot. Sound has been a dominant f eature of the audiences cinematic experience from early in the art forms history. Initially existing as a simple piano score that was used to assist in the realisation of certain on-screen emotions, the use of sound has been greatly developed and is now considered as one

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

How to Read a Book free essay sample

HOW TO READ A BOOK Mortimer J. Adler Charles Van Doren One reader is better than another in proportion as he is capable of a greater range of activity in reading and exerts more effort. He is better if he demands more of himself and of the text before him. If you remember what an author says, you have learned something from reading him. If what he says is true, you have even learned something about the world. But whether it is a fact about the book or a fact about the world that you have learned, you have gained nothing but information if you have exercised only your memory. You have not been enlightened. Enlightenment is achieved only when, in addition to knowing what an author says, you know what he means and why he says it. First level of Reading: Elementary Reading Second level of Reading: Inspectional Reading Give us an overall idea of what the book is about. We will write a custom essay sample on How to Read a Book or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page We should know whether the book contains matter what you still want to dig out, or whether it deserves no more of our time and attention. The rule to tackle a difficult book: In tackling a difficult book for the first time, read it through without even stopping to look up for ponder the things you do not understand right away. We will have a much better chance of understanding it on a second reading, but that requires you to have read the book through at least one. A good speed in reading should enable you to vary your rate of reading in accordance with the nature and complexity of the material. There is no single right speed at which you should read; the ability to read at various speeds and to know when each speed is appropriate is the ideal. How to be A Demanding Reader: The Essence of Active Reading: The Four Basic Questions a reader asks Ask questions while you read-questions that you yourself must try to answer in the course of reading. 1. What is the book about as a whole? You must try to discover the leading theme of the book, and how the author develops this theme in an orderly way by subdividing it into its essential subordinate themes or topics. 2. What is being said in detail, and how? You must try to discover the main ideas, assertions, and arguments that constitute the author’s particular message. . Is the book true, in whole or part? You cannot answer this question until you have answered the first two. You have to know what is being said before you can decide whether it is true or not. When you understand a book, however, you are obligated, if you are reading seriously, to make up your own mind. Knowing the author’s mind is not enough. 4. What of it? If the book has given you information, you must ask about its significance . Why does the author think it is important to know these things? Is it important to you to know them? And if the book has not only informed you, but also enlightened you, it is necessary to seek further enlightenment by asking what else follows, what is further implied or suggested. How to Make a Book Your Own: Why is marking a book indispensable to reading it? First, it keeps you awake-not merely conscious, but wide awake. Second, reading, if it is active, is thinking, and thinking tends to express itself in words, spoken or written. Third, writing your reactions down helps you to remember the thoughts of the author. Reading a book should be a conversation between you and the author. Marking a book is literally an expression of your differences or your agreements with the author. Suggestions of marking a book: 1. Underlining – of major points, of important or forceful statements. 2. Vertical lines at the margin – to emphasize a statement already underlined or to point to a passage too long to be underlined. 3. Star, asterisk, or other doodad at the margin – to emphasize the ten or dozen most important statements or passages in the book. 4. Writing in the margin, or at the top or bottom of the page – to record questions and perhaps answers which a passage raises in your mind, to reduce a complicated discussion to a simple statement. The endpapers at the back of the book can be used to make a personal index of the author’s points in the order of their appearance. 5. After finishing the book and making your personal index on the back endpapers, turn to the front and try to outline the book, not page by page or point by point (you have already done that at the back), but as an integrated structure. That outline will be the measure of your understanding of the work. It will express your intellectual ownership of the book. Third level of Reading: Analytical Reading Analytical reading is thorough reading, complete reading, or good reading. The analytical reader must ask many, and organize, these questions. Fourth level of Reading: Syntopical Reading It is the most complex and systematic type of reading of all. When reading syntopically, the reader reads many books, not just one, and places them in relation to one another and to a subject about which they all revolve.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Research Tools and Methodology an Example by

Research Tools and Methodology Introduction Researchers do not simply observe a phenomenon or an issue and then out of thin air conjure wild ideas and inferences. Rather the process of research is a deliberate and careful observation, quantification, and analysis of data. In doing this process, the researcher draws upon several research tools to help him pursue his research project and push through to its conclusion. The following tools can assist a researcher in analyzing the data he will collect and enable him to merge them together into a coherent whole through the framework of the study that he established. These tools have been arranged according to the order of their usefulness in relation to the dissertation. Need essay sample on "Research Tools and Methodology" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed The Library and Its Resources The library is a very important resource for the researcher. This is the first stop consulted by this researcher to understand the research topic. Through a careful and systematic searching of books and other materials, the dissertations introduction, review of literature and framework will be established. Throughout history, people who became curious over the issues and phenomena in their societies have written down their ideas. For any serious writer who has already identified the topic that he wants to investigate, the library is the place where the researcher can check what has been written about the topic and how other researchers approached the research problem (Mann, 1998). In addition to that, he will learn the conflicting views and the prevailing issues in the research topic he has chosen. In the library, the most important resources are the books that provide both general and specific information about the topic. Secondly, there are journals and periodicals that provide information about the recent undertakings in the field of study. By the time that this researcher finished studying what has been written in the library, he shall have been able to understand the major issues and point of views regarding the topic and would know how he can contribute to the better understanding of the phenomenon under study (Mann, 1998). Techniques of Measurement As mentioned earlier, research involves careful observation and measurement. Hence, there should be good techniques for the measurement of these observations, lest the research degenerate into guesswork and half-baked concepts and ideas. There are two broad categories of measuring observable phenomena: quantitative and qualitative techniques. Quantitative techniques usually target a large number of sample to have breadth while qualitative tends to delve more deeply into the phenomenon being considered (Creswell, 2003). One of the foremost quantitative analysis methods is the use of Statistics. These may be construed in either of two ways. Statistics make use of surveys or the researcher may also use published statistics. These statistics abound based from the studies conducted by governments and other private entities conducting research all over the world. As much as possible, it is best to use primary data so that the findings would be fresh and would serve as a kind of validation of previous research conducted on the same issue (Argyrous, et. al., 2005). The Computer and Various Software The next tool that will be used for the dissertation is the computer. Prior to the coming of the computer, people had to write either in longhand or by typing the rickety keys of the typewriter. Thankfully, the computer has made things easier. Hence, researchers are able to type and key in their ideas and outputs faster. In this generation, word processing has become very efficient and effective. Through the computer, there is now an easier way to input data and retrieve them readily. Because of the advent of the Internet, it has also become easier to gather information. E-mails, websites and other facilities of information technology has become easier to gather information and data (Dyke, Harding, & Lajeunesse, 2006). An example of this has been used by Bliven, Kaufman, & Spertus (2001) in analyzing health-related quality of life. Statistical analysis will be conducted using computer software. The Human Mind and Language The human mind and facility of language is not the last set of tools to be used by the researcher. Rather, they need to be used all throughout the study. The human mind is a great tool for processing information and analyzing the relationship between various factors and variables in the immediate environment of the researcher. Even at the face-value of observations, the human mind can form various connections, inferences, and assumptions about certain things. When aided by great tools and techniques, the human mind is a great tool to understand phenomena and contribute to knowledge. This can be further enhanced by facility in language. Because the researcher would have to read tons of literature, studies and other materials relevant to the research, mastery and skillful use and understanding of language is imperative in conducting research. Furthermore, the researcher would have to deal with language in dealing with people and gathering datasurvey questionnaires, content analysis and other types of measurement. There will be nuances and shades of meaning in these responses and data gathered. Facility with language is therefore a great help in detecting these nuances and understanding the data. These tools for research are indispensable for the researcher. The methodology for the dissertation will use all of these facilities with the exception perhaps of statistics as the dissertation will use a more qualitative approach to the study. All of these tools, if used effectively and discriminately, will contribute to a better result for the dissertation. Research Tools and Methodology These research tools enable the researcher to collect and handle the information that gathered. These tools help the researcher collect these data and present them in a format that would prepare them for analysis. The library, the computer and various software, as well as the techniques of measurement enable the researcher to handle and manipulate data. In addition, these tools also assist the researcher in the process of analyzing the data. Statistics software, data entry, and databases: all make the job of the researcher more manageable. However, such tools cannot help the researcher integrate these data into a coherent whole towards an answer to the research question. Data, together with the analyses derived from them, are still disconnected and cannot answer the questions posed by the research study. This is where methodology comes in. Methodology specifies the manner of the collection, handling and analysis of data. But more than that, the methodology enables the researcher to c onnect these data together. It helps the researcher identify relationships and trends among these data. In simplified language, the research tools are like the gardeners tools to help prepare the soil and the plants. But the methodology specifies the designthe placement of the plants and other ornamental items. In the same way, the researcher uses research tools Reference Argyrous, G. (2005). Statistics for Research: With a Guide to SPSS. London: Sage Publications. Bliven, B. D., Kaufman, S. E., & Spertus, J. A. (2001). Electronic Collection of Health-Related Quality of Life Data: Validity, Time Benefits, and Patient Preference. Quality of Life Research, 10 (1), 15-21. Creswell, D. J. W. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. London: Sage Publications. Dyke, M., Harding, A., & Lajeunesse, S. (2006) Digital Observation of Teaching Practice. In AERA 2006 Annual Meeting: Conference of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, USA, 7-11 Apr 2006..

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

The American Immigration Law Foundation

The American Immigration Law Foundation Free Online Research Papers The reason why I choice the NGO to be The American Immigration Law Foundation that was established in 1987.It is an IRS- designated, nonprofit, educational, charitable organization dedicated to increase public understanding of Immigration law and policy and the immigration to American society. It works to expand the knowledge of public service and excellence while clarifying immigration law. This NGO relies on tax deductible voluntary donations and grants to support our mission. One of the supporting groups is the Network for Good. This group focuses on anti-immigrant groups that close the American doors to future immigrants, making the point that America is a nation of immigrants. They are working closely with leading immigration experts through the country and with Congress and the Administration to help change our immigration system so that it can be more proactive to the needs of our economy and society. They have four main program centers: The legal action center it was create d in 1990 to promote fundamental fairness for immigrants, their families and their employers. They do work among the Immigration law advocates and it’s run by immigration practitioners and litigators. They have filed a suit against the INS and also hold briefings in the federal courts. The Immigration Policy Center dedicated to research and analysis about the contributions made to America by immigrants, The Public Education Program develops resources for teachers and students in the classroom who are exploring our nations immigrant heritage; and The Exchange Visitor Program allows small to midsize businesses to understand and participate in the global economy, training exchanges, designated by the U.S. State Department. Section 2: Introduction of Issue One major issue that keeps increasing is that for almost a decade now, there has been an increase in the number of deaths each year among unauthorized border-crossers in the deserts and mountains of southern Arizona. The official statistics compiled by the U.S. Border Patrol undercount the actual number of deaths in Arizona and elsewhere along the U.S.-Mexico border. But various academic and government studies estimate that the bodies of between 2,000 and 3,000 men, women, and children have been found along the entire southwest border since 1995, including at least 1,000 that end up in the hospital of southern Arizona. Experts, including the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO), now explain this crisis as a direct consequence of U.S. immigration-control policies instituted in the mid- 1990’s. The results of the BMI study, which are confirmed by comparable research, show that there has been a dramatic increase in the number of UBC recovered bodies in the Tucson Sector from 1990 to 2005, thereby creating a major public health and humanitarian crisis in the deserts of Arizona. Instead of controlling migration we are seeing a growing human rights crisis which raises questions of equality, equity, fairness and justice in a globalized world. Studies show that immigrants pay more in taxes than what they cost in medical expenses and in education. Two different categories of debate exist. People say that they take advantage of welfare and public services, Other’s state that they are the ones filling the gaps in the labor market pertaining to the low skilled sector. My NGO explores these issues; we introduce policies and help immigrants gain the experience they need to make a better home when they go back to their country. We also help by teaching about immigrants to US citizens so they can learn and help make a difference, to lower the death of these people who are just seeking a better life. Some US citizens are against immigrants rights. In recent years, there has been controversy over the efforts of some banks to offer financial services to individuals without Social Security numbers, many whom are undocumented immigrants. More and more banks now allow people to open checking and savings accounts and to apply for credit cards and home mortgages using an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number issued by the Internal Revenue Service or an identification card issued by a foreign consulate in the United States, The public viewed it as a giveaway to undocumented immigrants and viewed the mortgage program as criminal, stating they are applauding the undocumented migration. Section 3: Position statement The important fact that we seem to forget is that we are all human beings and that as human beings, we have rights. Yet we seem to be ignoring those rights. This is a very important issue that is going to be a great debate in the upcoming elections. If we get together to put The American Immigration Foundation: policy to work I believe we have a chance to save many lives and give the opportunity of a better live to others who want to live in a place where they can make a better life for them selves an they children. The American Immigration Foundation proposes that we give the opportunity to the immigrants who are already in the U.S to apply for a visa and have it renewed one time until they have achieved the years they need to become a permanent US citizen. This would allow immigrants to receive the same treatment and opportunities the US citizens now hold. This could be done with the condition that we keep track of their behaviors and contributions to society. If they are productive and can maintain a healthy living style, we would grant them US citizenship and allow them to go back to their home town to expand their knowledge and help to eliminate poverty. The people who are not in the United States should also be granted the opportunity to come to the U.S with the condition that they are going to be there to make a difference and come back to their home land with the opportunity to help out and make a difference. If this policy is put into practice it will help more people expand their educ ation and allow them to make a difference to eliminate the migration caused by their economic status. The American Immigration Law foundation has many programs that already put this into practice. We take professional, educated people or people who want to be educated, give them the opportunity to learn how the companies in the us work and take the knowledge they learn back to there home town. There they can help Eliminate poverty. We wish we could do more and that’s where this policy comes into place. Currently we mainly work with Hispanics, but we open our arms to all immigrants who qualify for our exchange program, and hope that tomorrow we can expand the criteria for the exchange program. Our accomplishments for the ending year of 2002 include publication of four major reports which was quoted in the Wall Street Journal. Fought Justice Department usage in deportation procedure and sponsored over 200n international trainees as part of an exchange visitor program. And these are some of many accomplishments and I know that if this policy is put to practice we will be able to accomplish a lot more. Bibliography Bellamy, C (2007) Serving the Under Served Banking for Undocumented Immigrants. Retrieved on 3/20/2007 from www.ailf.org/ipc/2007 .shtml. Tienda, M (2006).Unraveling a public health enigma. Why do immigrants experience superior prenatal health outcomes? (335-388) Retrieved on 3/20/2007. Duarte, M (1990). The Funnel Effect and Recovered Bodies of Unauthorized Migrants. Binational Immigration (1-97) retrieved on 3/21/2007. Bacon,D(2007) Colecion de Derechos Humanos. The Real Political purpose of Ice raids, retrieved on 3/20/2007 from www.derechoshumanosaz.net/ Sapkota,E(2006).Unauthorized border crossing and immigration death. Arizona N. Mexico, and El Paso Texas, (2002-2003) retrieved on 3/32/2007 from American Journal of Public Heatlth96 (1-7). Stangold, J(2001)Rights Groups urge change in border policy, â€Å" The New York Times (5/26/2007)retrieved on 3/20/2007 Neto,B(2006) CRS report for congress border security: Barnes along the U.S International Border(1-45) retrieved 3/16.2007 from spotlight CRS web. Schneider, W( 2006). Political Pulse- Spotlight on Center Stage. National Journal Group, Inc. Retrieved November 8, 2006. (http://nationaljournal.com.floyd.lib.umn.edu/pubs/nj/extra/search.htm) Massey,D(2005) Five Myth About Immigration: Common Misconceptions underlying U.S Border-enforcement Policy. Immigration Policy Focus. retrieved Presentation migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?ID=136 Research Papers on The American Immigration Law FoundationThe Effects of Illegal ImmigrationNever Been Kicked Out of a Place This NicePETSTEL analysis of India19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraQuebec and CanadaInfluences of Socio-Economic Status of Married MalesStandardized TestingThe Relationship Between Delinquency and Drug UseTwilight of the UAWEffects of Television Violence on Children

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Position Paper on Emergency Contraception Research

Position on Emergency Contraception - Research Paper Example Emergency contraceptive pills should be taken immediately after unprotected sexual intercourse or within a time period of 72 hours. These pills contain both estrogen and progestin. The minipills are birth control pills that only constitute of progestin (Trussell et al 1997). â€Å"When started within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse, a combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel is at least 75% effective against pregnancy.† (Glasier 1997 p.1058). Emergency contraception methods should be made available to women of all ages as it is an effective method of preventing unintended pregnancy. Especially availability of emergency contraception to young women of child-bearing ages is important in controlling pregnancy after unprotected sex. The consequences of unintended pregnancy are quite serious and are a cause of over-bearing burdens on the women and their surrounding families. This necessitates the importance and significance of emergency contraception in prevention of unwanted pregnancy. However, it is also crucial that enough information regarding its adverse effects, mode of action, uses and primary purposes should be provided to the general public. Between 1996 and 2002 the percentage of women who had awareness about emergency contraception and the percentage of women who had ever used emergency contraception increased. ... It has been observed that awareness about the emergency contraception is very inadequate amongst the women and such short-comings should be overcome by the health providing centers and professionals. Not only should emergency contraception remain available to women of all childbearing ages, information should be made available to the public to educate all women about the use, purpose, potential side effects and the availability of emergency contraception. View 1: Pro Emergency Contraception Young women should be educated on all of their options when it comes to contraception. They should be aware of emergency contraception methods and complete knowledge about these methods should be made available to them. In certain situations such as rape or birth control failure, knowledge about emergency contraception becomes particularly important in preventing unwanted or unplanned pregnancies. It has been observed through national surveys and health care surveys that public knowledge about eme rgency contraception is quite limited. A random survey of 1000 American women and 1002 men who were 18 years and above was conducted in 1994. It was estimated that Americans were not well informed about the emergency contraception methods. Only 1% had actually used the emergency contraceptive pills and 55% had heard of the pills. It was concluded that the aspects of availability and uses of emergency contraceptive pills should be made clear to the public and enhanced knowledge should be provided. Health care providers could play an important role as the general public relies on them for health information and awareness (Delbanco, Mauldon & Smith 1997). Unintended pregnancies can occur due to several causes and